Beni culturali

Musei nella regione di Nysa

Nysa Museum

Museum in Nysa - the oldest museum in Opolskie voivodeship based in the former Bishop's mansion, with preserved medieval cannon bullets and border stones. You can find numerous permanent and temporary exhibitions of diverse subject matter here: The History of Nysa (a calendar of historical events concerning the history of the town), Pre-history of Earth (archaeological findings from the Nysa Region collected for over 100 years), Material Culture of Earth (historical monuments from the late Middle Ages, coming from excavation research conducted within Nysa: equipment, tools and ornaments, ceramic, wooden, bone and iron products, a rich collection of glass vessels), Craft Artistic and Town Souvenirs in Nysa (products of the Silesia art smithery - among others, an Egyptian product from the 11th/12th century - glass of St. Hedwig of Silesia), Gallery of Foreign Painting 15th-19th century (works of Dutch and Flemish masters: Otto Van Veen, Anthonius Palamedes, Bartholomeus Van der Helst, German painting with the valuable "Judith Beheading Holofernes" and Italian painting represented by Carlo Portelli, Francesco Bassano, Francesco Raibolini), Art and Artistic Craft 16th-19th century (a rich and valuable collection of middle-class and court furniture, porcelain from Meissen and Sèvres, Italian and Dutch faience, Silesian ceramics), Witch Trials along the Nysa-Jeseniki Borderland (inquisitor's chamber, dungeon, replicas of torture tools, executioner's sword).

Central POW Museum in Łambinowice – Opole - created in 1964 in order to document and research the history of POW camps operating here during the Prussian-French war (1870-1871) and during World War I and II. There are cemeteries with more than 50 graves of French soldiers left after the camps (from 1870-71), 7 thousand Russians, Poles, Romanians, Italians, Serbs, Englishmen, Frenchmen, Belgians and Greeks (from 1914-18) and graves of more than 40 thousand victims, mostly Soviet prisoners (from 1939-1945). In the period 1945-46, near the complex of POW camps, a labor camp was established in which the population of the neighboring towns intended for resettlement into Germany was held. This place was commemorated with an obelisk in the shape of a Silesian penitential cross. A symbolic cemetery was created where the camp's victims were buried.

Museum of the Gas Industry in Paczków is located in the previous premises of the gas-works. It contains numerous documents, plans, publications, drawings and pictures and an interesting collection of rare household gas devices: cookers, bathroom ovens, hot springs, irons, refrigerators, ovens and chimneys for heating rooms, lamp posts and lighting lamps and even gas hair curlers.

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